GENERAL INFORMATION FOR NTSB REPORT: ANC00LA038
Data Source NTSB AVIATION ACCIDENT/INCIDENT DATABASE
NTSB Report Nbr ANC00LA038
Event Id 20001212X20579
Local Date 03/27/2000
Local Time 1023
State AK
Airport Name FAIRBANKS INTERNATIONAL
Event Type ACCIDENT
Injury Severity NONE
Record Status
Mid Air Collision NO
Event Location ON AIRPORT/AIRSTRIP

WEATHER INFORMATION
Weather Briefing Complete FULL
Basic Weather Conditions INSTRUMENT METEOROLOGICAL COND
Light Condition DAY
Cloud Condition UNKNOWN
Cloud Height above Ground Level (ft) 0
Ceiling Height above Ground Level (ft) 3500
Cloud Type OVERCAST
Visibility RVR (ft) 0
Visibility RVV (sm) 0
Visibility (sm) 2.5
Wind Direction (deg) 214
Wind Condition Flag U
Wind Speed (knots) 7
Wind Condition Indicated Unknown

AIRCRAFT INFORMATION
Aircraft 1
Type of Operation PART 135: AIR TAXI & COMMUTER
Registration Number N8540F
Aircraft Make PIPER
Aircraft Model PA32R
Aircraft Series UNDESIGNATED SERIES
Aircraft Damage SUBSTANTIAL
Aircraft Fire NONE
Aircraft Explosion NONE
Aircraft Type AIRPLANE
Aircraft Homebuilt UNKNOWN
Phase of Flight UNDEFINED
Aircraft Use UNKNOWN
Category of Operation SCHEDULED
Flight Plan Filed VFR
Domestic/International DOMESTIC
Passenger/Cargo PASSENGER/CARGO
Operator Name SERVANT AIR INC
Operator Doing Business As
Owner Name SERVANT AIR INC.
Number of Seats 1
Number of Engines 1
ELT Installed YES
ELT Operated YES
Departure Airport Id PAFA
Departure City
Last Departure Point YES
Destination Airport Id WBQ
Destination City BEAVER
Destination State ALASKA
Runway Id 19L
Runway Length 3190
Runway Width 60
Air Carrier Operating Certificates YES
Air Carrier Other Operating Certificates UNKNOWN
Rotocraft/Agriculture Operating Certificate UNKNOWN
Cert Max Gross Wgt 3600

ENGINE INFORMATION

Aircraft 1 - Engine : #1
Engine Manufactuer Lycoming
Engine Model IO-540-K1A5
Engine Horsepower 300
Engine Thrust HP
Carb/Injection FUEL INJECTED

INJURY INFORMATION
Injury Summary for Aircraft 1
Fatal Serious Minor None
Crew 0 0 0 0
Pass 0 0 0 0
Total 0 0 0 1
Sequence of Events for Aircraft 1
Occurrence #1
UNDERSHOOT
Phase of Operation: LANDING - FLARE/TOUCHDOWN

Events Sequence for Occurrence #1 of Aircraft 1
Event Seq # Event Group Code Subject Modifier Personnel Cause/Factor
1 1 WEATHER CONDITION SNOW FACTOR
2 2 DISTANCE/ALTITUDE MISJUDGED PILOT IN COMMAND CAUSE
3 1 LIGHT CONDITION OTHER FACTOR
4 1 AIRPORT FACILITIES, VISUAL APCH SLOPE IND (VASI) NOT INSTALLED FACTOR

Occurrence #2
IN FLIGHT COLLISION WITH TERRAIN/WATER
Phase of Operation: LANDING - FLARE/TOUCHDOWN

Events Sequence for Occurrence #2 of Aircraft 1
Event Seq # Event Group Code Subject Modifier Personnel Cause/Factor
5 1 TERRAIN CONDITION SNOW COVERED FACTOR




AIRCRAFT 1 PRELIMINARY REPORT


On March 27, 2000, at 1023 Alaska standard time, a Piper PA-32R airplane, N8540F, sustained substantial damage during landing at the Fairbanks International Airport, Fairbanks, Alaska. The airplane was being operated as a visual flight rules (VFR) scheduled flight under Title 14, CFR Part 135, when the accident occurred. The airplane was operated as Flight 502 by Servant Air Inc., Fairbanks, Alaska. The commercial certificated pilot, the sole occupant, was not injured. Instrument meteorological conditions prevailed. A VFR flight plan was filed. The flight originated at the Fairbanks Airport at 1008. During a telephone conversation with the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) investigator-in-charge (IIC), on March 28, 2000, the pilot reported he obtained a Special VFR clearance and departed for Beaver, Alaska, the first stop on his flight. He said the sky condition worsened, becoming more obscured and indefinite. He decided to return to Fairbanks, and obtained a Special VFR clearance back to the airport. He was cleared to land on runway 19L, which does not have a visual approach slope indicator (VASI). During the landing approach, the pilot said he could see the approach end of the runway, but the lighting conditions were very flat. He said he began to lose depth perception, and visual details of the airport. The airplane collided with snow-covered terrain, about 25 yards short of the approach end of runway 19L. The landing gear was sheared off, and the airplane received damage to the engine cowling, belly structure, and wing spars. At 1034, a special weather report at Fairbanks was reporting, in part: Wind, 240 degrees (true) at 7 knots; visibility, 2 1/2 statute miles in light snow; clouds and sky condition, 3,500 feet overcast; temperature, 8 degrees F; dew point, 6 degrees F; altimeter, 29.35 inHg; remarks, tower visibility 3 miles.

AIRCRAFT 1 FINAL REPORT


The commercial certificated pilot obtained a Special VFR clearance and departed on the first portion of a cargo flight. The visibility at the airport was 2 1/2 miles in light snow. After departure, the pilot said the sky condition worsened, becoming more obscured and indefinite. He decided to return to the airport and obtained a Special VFR clearance back to the airport. He was cleared to land on a runway which does not have a visual approach slope indicator (VASI). During the landing approach, the pilot said he could see the approach end of the runway, but the lighting conditions were very flat. The airplane collided with snow-covered terrain, about 25 yards short of the approach end of the runway. The landing gear was sheared off, and the airplane received damage to the engine cowling, belly structure, and wing spars.

AIRCRAFT 1 CAUSE REPORT


The pilot's misjudgment of distance/altitude, and subsequent undershoot during landing. Factors in the accident were light snow precipitation, flat light conditions, snow-covered terrain, and the absence of a visual approach slope indicator.


END REPORT