GENERAL INFORMATION FOR NTSB REPORT: ANC00LA041
Data Source NTSB AVIATION ACCIDENT/INCIDENT DATABASE
NTSB Report Nbr ANC00LA041
Event Id 20001212X20746
Local Date 04/12/2000
Local Time 1545
State AK
Event Type ACCIDENT
Injury Severity MINOR
Record Status
Mid Air Collision NO
Event Location OFF AIRPORT/AIRSTRIP

WEATHER INFORMATION
Weather Briefing Complete UNKNOWN
Basic Weather Conditions VISUAL METEOROLOGICAL COND
Light Condition DAY
Cloud Condition UNKNOWN
Cloud Height above Ground Level (ft) 0
Ceiling Height above Ground Level (ft) 1400
Cloud Type OVERCAST
Visibility RVR (ft) 0
Visibility RVV (sm) 0
Visibility (sm) 20
Wind Direction (deg) 90
Wind Condition Flag U
Wind Speed (knots) 10
Wind Condition Indicated Unknown

AIRCRAFT INFORMATION
Aircraft 1
Type of Operation PART 91: GENERAL AVIATION
Registration Number N6119W
Aircraft Make PIPER
Aircraft Model PA28
Aircraft Series UNDESIGNATED SERIES
Aircraft Damage SUBSTANTIAL
Aircraft Fire NONE
Aircraft Explosion NONE
Aircraft Type AIRPLANE
Aircraft Homebuilt UNKNOWN
Phase of Flight UNDEFINED
Aircraft Use FERRY
Flight Plan Filed VFR
Operator Name MARK MCGEE
Operator Doing Business As
Owner Name VICTOR LADEIRA
Number of Seats 2
Number of Engines 1
ELT Installed YES
ELT Operated YES
Departure Airport Id 5NK
Departure City NAKNEK
Departure State ALASKA
Last Departure Point NO
Destination Airport Id PABE
Destination City BETHEL
Destination State ALASKA
Runway Id 0
Air Carrier Operating Certificates NO
Air Carrier Other Operating Certificates UNKNOWN
Rotocraft/Agriculture Operating Certificate UNKNOWN
Cert Max Gross Wgt 2150

ENGINE INFORMATION

Aircraft 1 - Engine : #1
Engine Manufactuer Lycoming
Engine Model O-320
Engine Horsepower 150
Engine Thrust HP
Carb/Injection CARBURETOR

INJURY INFORMATION
Injury Summary for Aircraft 1
Fatal Serious Minor None
Crew 0 0 0 0
Pass 0 0 0 0
Total 0 0 2 0
Sequence of Events for Aircraft 1
Occurrence #1
IN FLIGHT ENCOUNTER WITH WEATHER
Phase of Operation: CRUISE

Events Sequence for Occurrence #1 of Aircraft 1
Event Seq # Event Group Code Subject Modifier Personnel Cause/Factor
1 1 WEATHER CONDITION LOW CEILING FACTOR
2 2 WEATHER EVALUATION INADEQUATE PILOT IN COMMAND CAUSE
3 2 ALTITUDE NOT MAINTAINED PILOT IN COMMAND CAUSE

Occurrence #2
IN FLIGHT COLLISION WITH TERRAIN/WATER
Phase of Operation: CRUISE

Events Sequence for Occurrence #2 of Aircraft 1
Event Seq # Event Group Code Subject Modifier Personnel Cause/Factor
4 1 TERRAIN CONDITION SNOW COVERED FACTOR
5 1 TERRAIN CONDITION WATER, FROZEN




AIRCRAFT 1 PRELIMINARY REPORT


On April 12, 2000, about 1545 Alaska daylight time, a wheel equipped Piper PA-28 airplane, N6119W, sustained substantial damage after colliding with a frozen, snow-covered lake about 57 miles northwest of Aleknagik, Alaska, about latitude 60 degrees, 13 minutes north, and longitude 159 degrees, 02 minutes west. The airplane was being operated as a visual flight rules (VFR) cross-country ferry flight when the accident occurred. The airplane was owned and being flown by the second pilot who occupied the left seat. For the purposes of the flight, the first pilot, occupying the right seat, was the pilot-in-command. The first pilot, a commercial certificated pilot and a flight instructor, and the second pilot, holder of a private pilot certificate, received minor injuries. Visual meteorological conditions prevailed in the area of the accident. A VFR flight plan was filed. The flight originated at the Naknek Airport, Naknek, Alaska, about 1355. During a telephone conversation with the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) investigator-in-charge (IIC), on April 13, 2000, at 1125, the first pilot reported the airplane engine was just overhauled, but the airplane did not have a current annual inspection. A ferry permit was obtained from the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) to move the airplane from Naknek to Bethel, Alaska, for an annual inspection. The second pilot's medical certificate was expired. The first pilot said he was the pilot-in-command, but the second pilot was at the flight controls at the time of the crash. After departure from Naknek, the flight reported over Aleknagik at 1427 via radio to FAA flight service station (FSS) personnel. After reporting over Aleknagik, the flight proceeded toward the Kuskokwim Mountains. The first pilot said overcast sky conditions varied between 1,400 to 1,600 feet above the ground, and he estimated the visibility below the overcast as 20 miles. As the flight approached the mountains, the tops of the ridges were obscured by clouds. The first pilot said they turned northward, but found no access across the mountains. He turned around and began to proceed toward Dillingham, Alaska. While in cruise flight at 500 feet above the ground, the first pilot said that in the area of Chikuminuk Lake, the horizon became indistinguishable from the snow-covered mountains, and the snow-covered ground. The first pilot said that neither he or the second pilot realized the airplane was slowly descending until it collided with the surface of the lake. The first pilot said the left main landing gear was sheared off, the left wing spar fractured, and the outboard end of the right wing was bent. The flight did not arrive at the intended destination of Bethel, and was reported overdue. On April 13, 2000, about 0300, the pilot contacted an airplane over-flying the area of the accident and reported his location as Chikuminuk Lake. Search personnel picked up both occupants and transported them to Bethel.

AIRCRAFT 1 FINAL REPORT


The first pilot, a commercial certificated pilot and a flight instructor, and the second pilot, a private pilot, were ferrying the airplane cross-country to obtain an annual inspection. The airplane was owned and being flown by the second pilot who occupied the left seat. The second pilot's medical certificate was expired. The first pilot, occupying the right seat, said he was the pilot-in-command, but the second pilot was at the flight controls at the time of the crash. The flight proceeded toward a small range of mountains, but the tops of the ridges were obscured by clouds. The first pilot said overcast sky conditions varied between 1,400 to 1,600 feet above the ground, and he estimated the visibility below the overcast as 20 miles. As the flight approached the mountains, the pilot turned northward, but found no access across the mountains. He turned around and began to proceed to the departure airport. While in cruise flight at 500 feet above the ground, the first pilot said the horizon became indistinguishable from the snow-covered mountains, and the snow-covered ground. The first pilot said that neither he or the second pilot realized the airplane was slowly descending until it collided with the surface of a snow-covered lake.

AIRCRAFT 1 CAUSE REPORT


The first pilot's (pilot-in-command) inadequate evaluation of the weather, and failure to maintain an adequate altitude above the ground. Factors in the accident were low ceilings, and snow-covered terrain.


END REPORT